HOW TO CHOOSE AN AGENCY
When interviewing surrogacy
services, please keep in mind that they are all run differently. Try to learn as
much as you can about any program or service that interests you and get
references, before signing up.
About the Program/Operator
When was your service established? Who runs it (doctor, lawyer, social worker,
How much experience do you have with surrogate parenting?
Are you licensed in this state?
Do you have an office or work from home?
What services will we need to obtain separately?
Can you refer us for other services?
How many babies have been born so far through AI-Artificial Insemination
How many babies have been born so far through IVF-Gestational Surrogacy?
How many babies have been born so far through Egg Donation?
Has a surrogate mother ever changed her mind about relinquishment? If so, for
Are you now in litigation or have you been sued previously? If so, for what
reason? What was the outcome?
What kind of support services (such as support groups) are available for couples
How big is your staff and who will we be dealing with most of the time?
If we have a question or problem, is someone available to us at all times?
Is there now a waiting list?
Can you provide references?
Is a brochure and cost sheet available?
About the Process
How do you find prospective parents and surrogates?
What are your requirements for each?
Do you require ( as reputable programs do) that the surrogate have had at least
For the protection of all parties, do you see to it that everyone receives
medical screening (including full disease testing) psychological counseling and
legal representation ahead of any procedures?
Are screening services provided before or after the parties are presented to
What if a prospective surrogate decides not to work with us after the screening
has been completed?
Are our screening fees refundable?
Can couples and surrogates meet in this program or do you recommend strict
Who will be responsible for helping everyone with the details?
How about for clinical appointments for inseminations or embryo transfers?
If embryos reduction should be medically indicated, can we get those services at
the IVF clinic handling the embryo transfer?
Is sperm for inseminations banked and pre-tested before use? Or are the
inseminations done with fresh sperm? If so, what precautions are taken to ensure
it's healthy and disease free?
Who decides what tests and/or treatments the surrogate should receive before or
Does your program require a negative pregnancy test before any procedures are
attempted? How about after a missed period?
Is a positive pregnancy test required?
What if a pregnancy isn't achieved within a specified amount of time?
Can we get re-matched without any additional costs?
Can we be present for the birth?
Will you be able to help us complete the process for parental rights after the
birth of the baby or will we need to hire another attorney?
What if the surrogate mother is asked to appear in court to help complete the
legal work. Would she be able and willing to travel to help us complete the
process for parental rights?
What is your fee policy?
Is there a charge for an initial consultation?
Will your program or service handle all payments for us directly or will we be
recommended to pay expenses directly?
How much will it cost, ball-park figure, for AI-Surrgoacy?
How much will it cost, ball-park figure, for Gestational Surrogacy?
How much will it cost, ball-park figure, for Egg Donation?
If we should change our mind after signing up with your service are our funds
Will you give us an itemized monthly statement of expenses as the process goes
How does your program handle expenses and/or compensation for the surrogate?
Is there a refundable cap on fees?
What additional expenses might be involved?
Is health and/or life insurance available for the surrogate mother?
Will we be asked to sign a contract?* How about the surrogate mother?
Will each party have separate legal counsel?
Can we all have a copy of the agreement to review before signing?
How binding is this agreement on the parties involved?
Can we add or change some aspects, if desired?
How do the laws of this state or the state where the baby will be born affect
any agreement we wish to make?
Do you receive any payments or bonuses for referring us to other programs,
providers, services or clinics?**
*Most IVF clinics require a signed contract between the parties, whether or not
it would be enforceable.
**If you are referred by one program, clinic, attorney, etc. to another for
help. ask if the sender will receive a bonus or fee for the referral. If so,
your access to information, choices and resources available may be severely